BugwoodWiki Article

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link

Overview

Appearance
Pennisetum ciliare is a perennial bunchgrass that can grow 3.9-59.1 in. (10-150 cm) tall in thick mats.
Foliage
The leaf blades are bluish-green in color, mostly flat, ranging from 1.2-11.8 in. (3-30 cm) long, with soft hairs on the upper surface.
Flowers
The inflorescence is generally cylindrical in outline, 0.8-5.5 in. (2-14 cm) long, and can be purple, gray or yellowish. The bloom period occurs during mid summer.
Fruit
Seed-head can vary from reddish or purplish brown when the seeds are young to a tan color when the seeds are mature.
Ecological Threat
Pennisetum ciliare grows densely and crowds out native plants of similar size. It’s dense roots and ground shading prevents the germination of seeds of other species. Pennisetum ciliare is native to Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Resources

Selected Images


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5386204

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Plant(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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5386205

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Flower(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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5392023

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Flower(s)
John M. Randall
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5392022

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Flower(s)
John M. Randall
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5386206

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Stem(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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5408933

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5408934

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5409715

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5466539

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Spikelet(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick
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5466538

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Spikelet(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick
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buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Floret(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick
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5466536

buffelgrass
Pennisetum ciliare
Fruit(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Pennisetum

Other System Links

Plants: PECI
Bayer: PESCI
GRIN: 27177
ITIS: 504198

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
buffelgrass, anjangrass, African foxtail

Related Scientific Names:

Cenchrus ciliare L.(Synonym)
Pennisetum ciliare ciliare (L.) Link(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Grass or Grasslike