Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz


Epipactis helleborine is a perennial herb in the orchid family that can grow anywhere from 9.8-35.4 in. (25-90 cm) tall.
Leaves are alternate, clasping, dark green, 1.6-7.1 in. (4-18 cm) long, elliptic to lance shaped, and hairy. Flowering stem is green to purplish and usually short hairy.
Flowers are 0.79-1.2 in. (2-3 cm) long, open with 3 petals the lowest petal forming a lip, and range in color from green to whitish green or green streaked to completely purple. Blooming occurs late June to August.
Fruit are capsule that are egg-shaped to ellipsoid, green with brownish lines, up to 0.6 in. (1.5 cm) long, and generally hairy.
Ecological Threat
Epipactis helleborine prefers disturbed areas such as along foot trails and roadsides within woodlands.


Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Liliidae
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Epipactis
Subject: Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:


Plants - Forbs/Herbs