beach vitex
Vitex rotundifolia L. f.


Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas.
Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. (2.5-5 cm) long.
Flowering occurs throughout the year, when small clusters of violet flowers develop at the ends of the branches.
Fruit are round, 0.25 in. (0.6 cm) in diameter and dark purplish-black when mature.
Ecological Threat
Vitex rotundifolia is native to the Pacific Rim and was introduced into the continental United States in the 1980s as a beach stabilization plant. Plants prefer sandy soils in full sun.

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EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Vitex
Subject: Vitex rotundifolia L. f.


Plants - Shrub or Subshrub