Amur corktree
Phellodendron amurense Rupr.


Overview


Appearance
Phellodendron amurense is a perennial tree that can grow from 35-45 ft. (10-14 m) tall. The tree has a short trunk with spreading branches. The bark is thick and corky.
Foliage
Leaves are opposite, compound (divided into 5-11 leaflets) and 10-15 in. (25-38 cm) long. Leaflets are elliptical, acute at the apex, 2.5-4.5 in. (6-11 cm) long and smell like turpentine when crushed.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in late spring, when bunches of small, green flowers develop.
Fruit
Fruits are drupes, 0.25-0.5 in. (0.6-1.3 cm) in diameter and bright green (black when mature).
Ecological Threat
This tree is demonstrating invasive characteristics in suburban and urban fringe forests. It escapes intended plantings to invade and displace native hardwood forest. Note: only female plants have potential to become invasive. Phellodendron amurense is native to eastern Asia and was introduced into the United States in 1856. Trees prefer full sun and rich soils.

Resources


Selected Images



Maps



EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Phellodendron
Subject: Phellodendron amurense Rupr.

Categories


Plants - Hardwood Trees