California privet
Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk.


Ligustrum ovalifolium can grow up to 16.4 ft. (5 m) tall with spreading or arching branches.
Leaves are elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, 1.2-2.4 in. (3-6 cm) long, acute, broad-cuneate, dark lustrous green above, yellowish green below. Petioles are 0.12-0.16 in. (3-4 mm) long.
Flowers are creamy-white with an unpleasant scent, subsessile in panicles 2-4 in. (5-10 cm) long. Corollas are 0.3 in. (8 mm) long with anthers as long as lobes.
Fruits of Ligustrum ovalifolium are 0.2-0.28 in. (5-7 mm) across, and are black when they mature.
Ecological Threat
Ligustrum ovalifolium may invade roadsides, in old fields and in other disturbed habitats. It can also invade natural areas such as floodplain forests and woodlands. It may displace shrubs in regenerating communities and remain persistent in these areas. Ligustrum ovalifolium can form dense thickets that outcompete many kinds of native vegetation. It has been found in California, Canada, the Eastern U.S. States West to Texas and in Puerto Rico.


Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Ligustrum
Subject: Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk.


Plants - Shrub or Subshrub