smooth bedstraw
Galium mollugo L.


Galium mollugo is an herbaceous prennial plant that grows to be 1-3 ft (0.3-0.9 m) tall. The simple to branched stems are square and swollen at leaf nodes. G. mollugo tends to sprawl if unsupported. It is native to Africa, temperate Asia and Europe.
The leaves are simple and margins are entire. Leaves are whorled around the stem with three or more leaves per node along the stem.
The small white flowers are borne in a terminal cyme. The white corolla has 4 lobes (rarely 3) which are pointed at the tip. There is a pair of ovoid green carpels at the base of the flower.
The fruit is a carpel that contains one seed that is convex on one side and concave on the other. The rhizomatous root system allows this plant to reproduce vegetatively.
Ecological Threat
G. mollugo can be found growing in light shade to full sun in more or less mesic conditions. It becomes larger in fertile loam, but can grow in other kinds of soil.

Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Galium
Subject: Galium mollugo L.

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
false baby's breath


Plants - Forbs/Herbs