BugwoodWiki Article

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight

Overview

Appearance
Firmiana simplex, parasoltree, is a deciduous tree native to Asia. It has green stems and bark. F. simplex has a dense, upright, oval canopy and grows from 35-50 ft. (10-15 m) tall with a spread of between 15-20 ft. (4.6-6 m).
Foliage
The alternate, bright green, palmately veined, three to five-lobed leaves of F. simplex are extremely large with each leaf reaching up to 12 in. (30.5 cm) across. The foliage of F. simplex often turns bright yellow in fall.
Flowers
Firmiana simplex has abundant showy slightly fragrant flowers that appear in late spring or early summer. The flowers are held in terminal, large 10-20 in. (25.4-50.8 cm) wide, loose panicles clustered at the tips of last year’s branches. The flowers lack petals, but have sepals that are yellow and white.
Fruit
F. simplex fruit are peculiar pods which split open into petal-like sections to reveal the small, round seeds.
Ecological Threat
Firmiana simplex is beginning to be reported more often along roadsides and other disturbed areas. This plant is self-fertile which means it only takes one tree to produce fertile seeds. The prolific seed production along with its quick growth and aggressive competition make F. simplex a candidate for EDRR - Early Detection & Rapid Response program in the warmer regions of the United States.

Selected Images


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Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Tree(s)
James H. Miller
5473204
5473204

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Foliage
Nancy Loewenstein
5427852
5427852

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Bark
Karan A. Rawlins
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5421923

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Flower(s)
James H. Miller
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5421924

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Foliage
James H. Miller
5421925
5421925

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Seedling(s)
James H. Miller
5421922
5421922

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Stem(s)
James H. Miller
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5422041

Chinese parasoltree
Firmiana simplex
Twig(s)/Shoot(s)
James H. Miller

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Malvales
Family: Sterculiaceae
Genus: Firmiana

Other System Links

Plants: FISI2
GRIN: 102001
ITIS: 21578
NPDN Host: 35326

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub
Category: Hardwood Trees