(L.) D. Don
Description: Native to the Neotropics, is an agressive invader of moist forests of many Pacific Islands. Introduced to the Hawaiian Islands in 1940, it covered 90,000 acres on Oahu by the late 1970s and has spread to Hawaii (by 1972), Molokai (1973), Maui (1976), Kauai (1982), and Lanai (1988). The primary mode of inter-island dispersal is believed to be in mud on boots. Several biological control agents show promise of limiting the further invasion on islands other than Oahu.
Image type: Field
Image location: United States
Specimen in collection: No
Name: The Nature Conservancy Archive
Organization: The Nature Conservancy
Country: United States