Image Number: 1440066

The young leaves of frenched plants are narrowed and drawn with chlorosis along the margins. The network of veins is a distinct dark green. As the leaf develops, only the midrib elongates, producing a thick straplike-leaf. Terminal growth ceases and a stunted plant with many small, narrow, distorted leaves results. Frenching is usually classified as a physiological disorder, but studies indicate that frenching can be caused by a toxin formed by Bacillus cereus, a bacterium commonly found in the soil. Frenching is often associated with soils of high pH and/or poor internal drainage. Proper soil drainage, a pH level below 6, and adequate fertilization will be beneficial in preventing frenching.
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Image location:
United States


Kingdom: Other damage agents
Phylum: Other damage agents
Class: Other damage agents
Order: Abiotic
Family: Other abiotic damage
Subject: frenching


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nicotiana
Subject: Nicotiana tabacum (burley type) L.
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Image uploaded:
Monday, January 1, 1990
Image last updated:
Wednesday, May 4, 2011