Image Number: 1440050

Black shank is primarily a disease of the roots and the lower stalk of the tobacco. The symptoms of black shank vary with weather conditions, age of plants, stage of disease development, degree of plant resistance, and virulence of the soil-borne fungal pathogen. Stunting is often the first symptom of black shank, but the disease is seldom recognized until plants wilt. At first, wilted plants will recover in the evening hours, but later become permanently wilted, with leaves turning yellow and hanging down the stalk. During the early stages of disease development, an examination of the plant will show a black discoloration of one or more of the larger roots and the interior of the lower stalk. As the disease progresses, the lower part of the stalk becomes black near the soil line, hence the name black shank. In advanced stages of the disease, the tissues in the center of the lower stalk become blackened, and as the pith dries, it becomes segmented into discs.
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United States


Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Oomycota
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Peronosporales
Family: Pythiaceae
Genus: Phytophthora
Subject: Phytophthora nicotianae Breda de Haan


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nicotiana
Subject: Nicotiana tabacum (burley type) L.
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Image uploaded:
Monday, January 1, 1990
Image last updated:
Friday, May 20, 2011