1. Branchlet with vegetative shoot with leaves whorl-like clustered on spurs (a - l) and located single on long shoots (m - o). - 2. Branchlet with developed cluster of needles on spurs (a - d) and developing long shoot (e) - 3. Branchlet with male (a - d) and female (e, f) strobiles with a cone from the previous year (g), and an older one (h). - 4. Winter-branchlet with a cone (a). - 5. Cone-scales: seed-scale with bract from outer (abaxial) side (a) and (with seeds) from inner (adaxial) side (b). - 6. Seed with wing (a, b) and after the wing was removed (c - e). - 7. Seedling. After Hempel & Wilhelm, 1889. Photos and explanations from the book: Zelimir Borzan. "Tree and Shrub Names in Latin, Croatian, English, and German, with synonyms", University of Zagreb, 2001.