After the seedbeds are formed, the seed is sown. Some nurseries sow in the fall so that the seeds can undergo natural stratification. Spring sowing is more common, however, and begins as soon as soil temperatures are warm enough. Larger nurseries use seed drills which sow the seed in 6 to 8 rows per seedbed. Some seed drills automatically cover the seed with soil, whereas others leave the seed exposed so that it can be covered with a mulch. The number of seeds that are sown per area of seedbed is determined by a ‘sowing factor’ that includes information on seed germination, desired seedling growing density, expected seedling survival etc
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