In 1933, Arthur Cushman started working for the USDA Farm Credit Administration and soon became a draftsman, artist, and exhibits builder. In 1941, Art Cushman qualified for a job as a scientific illustrator at the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, the equivalent of today’s USDA, APHIS, Plant Protection and Quarantine. In 1945, he began gathering visual material and specimens to complete illustrations for the 1952 Yearbook of Agriculture issue on insects. Cushman traveled the country to observe crop damage on farms in Texas, Indiana, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Art Cushman was one of the original founders of the Guild of Natural Science Illustrators, an international professional organization based in Washington, DC. He retired in 1975 and continued to work as a freelance illustrator for several years.